[GRI 204-1; ESRS E4-5]
The Lenzing site (Austria) mainly uses beech wood plus small amounts of other hardwoods and spruce, whereas the Paskov plant (Czech Republic) mainly uses spruce. Lenzing is committed to the cascading use of wood, and primarily makes use of timber generated from small trees through thinning and sections of large trees that are unsuitable for high-grade products, such as furniture or construction.
The percentage of broadleaf forest, especially beech, is increasing1 in wood-sourcing countries as forests are being transformed back to a more natural mix of tree species, contributing to climate change resilience. The area devoted to spruce cultivation is decreasing, although stocks are still increasing in most sourcing countries due to low felling rates. Exceptions in recent years were caused by natural disturbances such as storm events and subsequent bark beetle outbreaks. Utilization of beech wood to manufacture fibers provides relatively high value creation versus wood used for energy generation, as several products can be created besides the fibers and energy, such as acetic acid, making it an important economic factor for the regeneration of forests with more deciduous species. This transition is also crucial for adapting forest ecosystems in Central Europe to climate change through greater species diversity2;3.
In order to ensure short transportation distances and short delivery times, almost all the wood required originates regionally. Regional4 wood accounted for 94.5 percent in 2020,95.2 percent in 2021, and 93.8 percent in 2022 for the site in Lenzing. For the Paskov site, the regional supply rate has increased to 100 percent since 2019. For the underlying figures, please see the Annex.
Wood from Poland was exclusively sourced with FSC® certificates in 2021 and up to three-quarters from 2022, as some districts from Polish State Forests announced their decision not to renew their Forest Management certificates from FSC®.
1 Schwarzbauer, P., and Wittmann, F. (2018). Basic Indicators for the Sustainability of European Forestry. In: Lenzinger Berichte 94 (2018), 1-13. Available at:
www.lenzinger-berichte.com [Accessed 15 February 2021]
2 Niedermair, M., Lexer, M. J., Plattner, G., Formayer, H. and Seidl, R. (2007).
Österreichische Bundesforste AG. Klimawandel und Artenvielfalt. Wie klimafit sind Österreichs Wälder, Flüsse und Alpenlandschaften? Available at: https://www.bundesforste.at/fileadmin/publikationen/studien/Klimastudie_WWF.pdf
[Accessed 15 February 2021]
3 FOREST EUROPE 2020. Adaptation to Climate Change in Sustainable Forest
Management in Europe, Liaison Unit Bratislava, Zvolen, 2020.
4 Regional wood supply originates from the country where the pulp mill is situated and from neighboring countries from which wood can be transported directly without crossing a third country.